Canadian Citizenship Test 2021 Question Answers (Explanation). There are a total of 50 multiple choice questions with answers and explanations. However, we did not add any true/false questions to this test. This Canadian Citizenship Test 2021 sample test is designed to help you prepare to become a Canadian citizen.
Canadian Citizenship Test 2021
|Name of the Test
||Canadian Citizenship Test
|Total Number of Questions
||50 questions with an explanation
||sample multiple-choice questions
|Minimum Passing Score
Q1. In oath of citizenship, to whom Canadian profess their loyalty.
- A. The Canadian Constitution
- B. The Sovereign (Queen or King)
- C. Prime Minister of Canada
- D. The Canadian flag
Explanation: A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchical government established under a constitutional system that acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state. In our constitutional monarchy, these elements are encompassed by the Sovereign (Queen or King)
Q2.When does a federal election have to be held under legislation passed by Parliament?
- A. When the Queen wants to replace the Prime Minister
- B. Within 4 years of the most recent election
- C. Within 5 years of the last election
- D. The Prime Minister can call the election any time at his own will
Explanation: In Canada, the federal government and all provinces and territories have enacted legislation setting fixed election dates so that elections occur on a more regular timeline (usually every four years) and the date of a forthcoming election is publicly known.
Q3. What are the three main components of Oath of the Citizenship… ?
- A. Loyalty to The Sovereign, work hard, and serve in Canadian forces
- B. Loyalty to The Sovereign, obey law and serve in Canadian forces
- C. Loyalty to The Sovereign, faithfully observe the law and fulfill the duties as Canadian citizen
- D. Loyalty to The Constitution, faithfully observe the law and fulfill the duties as Canadian Citizen
Answers: C Explanation: Obeying the law — One of Canada’s founding principles is the rule of law. Individuals and governments are regulated by laws and not by arbitrary actions. No person or group is above the law.
Q4. Which of the following is the federal government responsible for?
- B. Natural resources
- C. Education
- D. Interprovincial Trade and Communications
Answers: D Explanation: In our federal state, the federal government takes responsibility for matters of national and international concern. These include defence, foreign policy, interprovincial trade and communications, currency, navigation, criminal law and citizenship.
Q5. What was the name of the new country formed in Confederation?
- B. Canada
- C. Canadian Confederation
- D. Dominion of Canada
Answers: D Explanation: December 19, 2019. Dominion of Canada is the country’s formal title, though it is rarely used. It was first applied to Canada at Confederation in 1867. It was also used in the formal titles of other countries in the British Commonwealth.
Q6.Canada is personified by…?
- A. The Sovereign (Queen or King)
- B. The Prime Minister
- C. The Constitution
- D. The Flag
Q7.What are the two basic requirements of the citizenship test…?
- A. To test the knowledge of Canada history and English language
- B. To test the knowledge of English and the knowledge of French
- C. To test the knowledge of Canada electoral process and the knowledge Canada judicial system
- D. To test the knowledge of Canada and rights and responsibilities of citizenship and adequate knowledge of English or French
Answers: D, Explanation: The Citizenship Act requires that citizenship applicants have “an adequate knowledge of one of the official languages of Canada.” Canada’s two official languages are English and French.
Q8.Where do more than half the people in Canada live?
- A. Coastal Pacific
- B. Atlantic Canada
- C. Prairies
- D. Central Canada
Answers: D, Explanation: Central Canada (French: Centre du Canada, sometimes the Central provinces) is a region consisting of Canada’s two largest and most populous provinces: Ontario and Quebec. Population (2016) • Total 21,612,855
Q9.Which of the following is not a source of Canadian law?
- A. Laws made by the house of commons and the provincial legislatures
- B. French Civil Code
- C. French Federal Law
- D. English Common law
Answers: C, Explanation: Legislation is enacted by every level of government in Canada – the federal government, the provinces and territories, cities and other municipalities – and forms a major body of law.26
Q10. In 1982, the Canadian constitution was amended to include the____?
- A. Canadian Charter of Citizens Responsibility
- B. Canadian Charter of Crime and Punishment
- C. Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
- D. Canadian Charter of National Allegiance
Answers: C, Explanation: The Constitution Act, 1982 contains the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and other provisions, including the procedure for amending the Constitution of Canada. The Constitution Act, 1982 also contains a schedule of repeals of certain constitu- tional enactments and provides for the renaming of others.
Q11.What are the four rights of citizens ensured in the Canadian charter?
- A. Mobility Rights, Aboriginal People’s Rights, Official Language Rights and Multiculturalism
- B. Mobility Rights, Right to Work, Official Language Rights and Right of religion freedom
- C. Mobility Rights, Aboriginal People’s Rights, Official Language Rights and Rights of free education
- D. Mobility Rights, Aboriginal People’s Rights, Official Language Rights and Right to work
Answers: A, Explanation: The rights and freedoms guaranteed in the Charter govern how governments act, including the right to equality, freedom of expression and the right not to be deprived of life, liberty or security of the person, except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice.
Q12. The Canadian constitution is based on the principle of habeas corpus, which means?
- A. The state has the right to imprison you at any time
- B. You can’t be unlawfully imprisoned by the state
- C. Your rights are less important than the rights of the state
- D. The state has ultimate power over your property
Answers: B, Explanation: Charter jurisprudence confirms that habeas corpus is both a free-standing right, under section 10(c), and a constitutional remedy available under section 24(1) for breaches of other Charter rights, such as sections 7 and 9 (Charkaoui v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration),  1 S.C.R.
Q13.Who let Quebec into the confederation?
- A. Sir Louis-Hippolyte La Fontaine
- B. Sir George-Étienne Cartier
- C. Sir Wilfrid Laurier
- D. Sir John A. Macdonald
Answers: B, Explanation: Québec became one of the founding members of the Dominion of Canada on 1 July 1867 when it joined New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Ontario in Confederation.
Q14.How can a party in power be defeated in Parliament?
- A. If there is a revolution
- B. If the Queen orders the party to resign
- C. If a majority of the MPs vote against a major government decision
- D. If a minority of the MPs vote against a major government decision
Answers: C, Explanation: Government formed by the party or the coalition of parties holding most seats in the House of Commons is known as a majority government. When the party in power holds more seats than any other party but falls short of a clear majority in the House, the government is referred to as a minority government. Minority governments must rely on the support of members belonging to other political parties to govern.
Q15. Which region covers more than one-third of Canada?
- A. Northern Territories
- B. South Region
- C. North Region
- D. Southern Territories
Answers: A, Explanation: This area covers about 48 per cent of Canada’s total land area, but has less than 1 per cent of Canada’s population.
Q16.What is the name of the Royal Anthem of Canada?
- A. Great Canada
- B. O Canada
- C. God save the Queen (or King)
- D. Oh Canada
Answers: A, Explanation: “God Save the Queen”, alternatively “God Save the King” (dependent on the gender of the reigning monarch), is the national or royal anthem in most Commonwealth realms, their territories, and the British Crown dependencies.
Q17. What is the primary role of the police in Canada?
- A. To resolve disputes and interpret law
- B. To keep people safe and to enforce the law
- C. To provide national security intelligence to the government
- D. To conduct or support land warfare, peacekeeping, or humanitarian missions
Answers: B, Explanation: Canada has three levels of police services: municipal, provincial, and federal..
Q18.Which province has the most bilingual Canadians?
- A. British Columbia
- B. Quebec
- C. Ontario
- D. Prince Edward Island
Answers: B, Explanation: However, most bilingual people live in Quebec. In 2016, Quebec was the province of residence of 57.7% of English–French bilingual people in Canada.
Q19.Which province is one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world?
- A. Manitoba
- B. Saskatchewan
- C. British Columbia
- D. Alberta
Answers: B, Explanation: The province is the world’s largest exporter of peas, lentils, durum wheat, mustard seed, canola, flaxseed and oats. Saskatchewan is recognized worldwide for the quality of its crops, and the province is also the second largest cattle-producing province in Canada.
Q20. When is Canada Day?
- A. July 1st every year
- B. November 5th every year
- C. July 30th every year
- D. July 31st every year
Answers: A, Explanation: Under the federal Holidays Act, Canada Day is observed on July 1, unless that date falls on a Sunday, in which case July 2 is the statutory holiday. Celebratory events will generally still take place on July 1, even though it is not the legal holiday.
Q21. In what year did Canada become a country?
- A. 1867
- B. 1687
- C. 1786
- D. 1678
Answers: A, Explanation: The British Parliament passed the British North America Act in 1867. The Dominion of Canada was officially born on July 1, 1867. Until 1982, July 1 was celebrated as “Dominion Day” to commemorate the day that Canada became a self-governing Dominion. Today it is officially known as Canada Day.
Q22.Where is Canada located?
- A. Central America
- B. Europe
- C. North America
- D. South America
Answers: C, Explanation: Canada is located in the top half of North America, and the country is bordered by three oceans: Pacific, Atlantic and Arctic. In fact, we have the longest coastline of any country.
Q23.Under Canadian law, when men and women are equal?
- A. In all circumstances
- B. When they are married
- C. At workplace
- D. In the matters of religion
Answers: A, Explanation: The Canadian Human Rights Act of 1977 states that all Canadians have the right to equality, equal opportunity, fair treatment, and an environment free of discrimination on the basis of sex, sexual orientation, marital status and family status.
Q24.What status do the rights of Aboriginal Peoples have in the Canadian constitution?
- A. Aboriginals are above the constitutions
- B. Aboriginals have equal status in the constitution
- C. Aboriginals rights under the charter can not be aversely effected by any other treaty
- D. Aboriginals are subordinate to the constitution
Answers: C Explanation: Aboriginal group refers to whether the person is First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit). These are the three groups defined as the Aboriginal peoples of Canada in the Constitution Act, 1982, Section 35 (2).
Q25. What do you call the Queen’s representative in the provinces?
- A. Governor Lieutenant
- B. Queen’s governor
- C. Lieutenant Governor
- D. Governor General
Answers: C Explanation: The Lieutenant-Governor serves in a dual capacity: first as representative of the Queen for all purposes of the provincial government; and secondly, as a federal officer in discharging certain functions on behalf of the federal government.
Q26. How are Members of Parliament chosen?
- A.Elected by senators.
- B. Elected by the prime minister.
- C. Chosen by the Queen.
- D. Elected by Canadian citizens.
Answers: D Explanation: The elected component of the Canadian Parliament is the House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes), with each member chosen by a plurality of voters in each of the country’s federal electoral districts, or ridings.
Q27. In what jobs did the Métis first work with European Settlers?
- A. Supplies, traders, guides and interpreters
- B. Taking care of children
- C. Building housing
- D. Fishing
Answers: A Explanation: The Métis (/meɪˈtiː(s)/; French: [metis]) refers to a group of Indigenous peoples who inhabit Canada’s three Prairie Provinces, as well as parts of Ontario, British Columbia, the Northwest Territories, and the Northern United States.
Q28. What does the National Register of Electors contain?
- A. Database of landed immigrants
- B. Database of Canadian Citizens at least 18 years of age who are qualified to vote in federal elections and referendums
- C. Database of all Canadian citizens
- D. Database of Canadian tax payers
Answers: B Explanation: The National Register of Electors is a continuously updated permanent database of eligible electors for federal elections in Canada maintained by Elections Canada.
Q29.Canada is known around the world as ___ ?
- A. Military power
B. Peaceful Country
C. Good Governed Country
D. Strong and free
Answers: D Explanation: Canada is known around the world as a strong and free country. Canadians are proud of their unique identity. They have inherited the oldest continuous constitutional tradition in the world.
Q30. Which of the following is the Canadian system of government?
- A. Autocracy
- B. Republican democracy
- C. Benign dictatorship
- D. Constitutional monarchy
Answers: D Explanation: Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy, founded on the rule of law and respect for rights and freedoms. The government acts in the name of the Crown but derives its authority from the Canadian people.
Q31. Canada becomes a constitutional monarchy under which of the following Act.?
- A. The British North America Act 1867
- B. Great Canadian Charter of Freedom 1982
- C. The Quebec Act of 1774
- D. Magna Carta of 1215
Answers: A Explanation: The Constitution Act, 1867, originally enacted as The British North America Act, 1867, and referred to as the BNA Act or the Act, is a major part of the Constitution of Canada.
Q32.What was the main advantage of NAFTA agreement?
- A. Free trade among Canada, the USA and Mexico
- B. Free trade between Canada and China
- C. Free trade between Canada and the UK
- D. Free trade between Canada and Japan
Answers: A Explanation: NAFTA boosted trade by eliminating all tariffs among the three countries. It also created agreements on international rights for business investors. That reduced the cost of commerce.
Q33. Which Act granted, for the first time in Canada, legislative assemblies elected by the people?
- A. The Constitutional Act of 1982
- B. The Constitutional Act of 1891
- C. The Constitutional Act of 1791
- D. The Constitutional Act of 1972
Answers: C Explanation: The Constitutional Act of 1791 split the Province of Quebec into two distinct colonies: Lower Canada in the east and Upper Canada in the west.
Q34.Who appoints the judges of the Supreme Court of Canada?
- A. The Governor General
- B. The Prime Minister
- C. Other judges
- D. The people
Answers: A Explanation: Appointments are made by the Governor General of Canada on advice of the Prime Minister. Appointments to the Supreme Court of Canada are subject to the legal requirement that three judges must be appointed from Quebec.
Q35. What does the Crown mean for Canadians?
- A. The Crown is a symbol of government, including Parliament, legislatures, courts, police services, and the armed forces.
- B. The Crown contain symbols of England, France, Scotland, and Ireland, as well as red maple leaves.
- C. A national motto, A Mari Usque Ad Mare, which, in Latin, means ‘from sea to sea.’
- D. The Crown reflects the Greco-Roman heritage of Western civilization in which democracy originated.
Answers: A Explanation: In a monarchy, the Crown is an abstract concept or symbol that represents the state and its government. In a constitutional monarchy such as Canada, the Crown is the source of non-partisan sovereign authority.
Q36.What did the Suffrage Movement achieve?
- A. Quebec experienced an era of rapid change.
- B. The Suffrage Movement abolished slavery in Canada.
- C. The Suffrage Movement led to the introduction of employment insurance.
- D. Women achieved the right to vote.
Answers: D Explanation: On May 24, 1918, female citizens over the age of 21 were granted the federal vote, regardless if their province had approved enfranchisement. While women then gained the right to run as Members of Parliament in 1919, Agnes McPhail was not elected to the House of Commons until 1921.
Q37. All Aboriginal people who are neither Inuit nor Metis are known as___?
- A. Red Indians
- B. French
- C. European
- D. First Nations
Answers: D Explanation: First Nations is a term used to describe Indigenous peoples in Canada (sometimes referred to as Aboriginal peoples) who are not Métis or Inuit. Section 35 of the Constitution Act of 1982 declares that Aboriginal peoples in Canada include Indian (First Nations), Inuit and Métis peoples.
Q38. Which region is known as the industrial and manufacturing heartland of Canada?
- A. Atlantic provinces
- B. Prairie provinces
- C. Central Canada
- D. West Coast
Answers: C Explanation:Canada’s Industrial Heartland is located in the center of the Southwestern Ontario peninsula and covers an area roughly the size of West Virginia.
Q40. In which words does the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms begin?
- A. “Canadian citizens have rights and responsibilities”
- B. “Oh Canada! Our home and native land!”
- C. “Canada is a free country and home of the braves”
- D. “Whereas Canada is founded upon principles that recognize the supremacy of God and the rule of law”
Answers: D Explanation: CThe Constitution of Canada was amended in 1982 to entrench the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which begins with the words, “Whereas Canada is founded upon principles that recognize the supremacy of God and the rule of law.”
Q41. What do Canadians remember on Remembrance Day?
- A. Canadian victory in world war I
- B. Canadian victory in the battle of Vimy Ridge
- C. Canadian victory in World War Il
- D. Sacrifices made by Canadian veterans and brave soldiers in wars
Answers: D Explanation: Canadians recognize Remembrance Day, originally called Armistice Day, every 11 November at 11 a.m. It marks the end of hostilities during the First World War and an opportunity to recall all those who have served in the nation’s defence.
Q42. Why was the Canadian Pacific Railway built?
- A. The railway made it possible for immigrants to settle in the Central Canada.
- B. British Columbia joined Canada in 1871 after Ottawa promised to build a railway to the West Coast.
- C. TO provide a spectacular tourist excursion across precipitous passes and bridges
- D. So British Columbia could handle trade of goods worth billions of dollars all around the world.
Answers: B Explanation:The delegates passed 37 resolutions. Nearly all of them outlined the possible terms for a union with the Dominion of Canada. Delegates agreed that Canada should pay down the colony’s debt, that the province should have a responsible government, and that a wagon road should be built to link British Columbia to the east.
Q43 Why is trade with other countries important to Canada?
- A. Trade with other countries changed the native way of life forever.
- B. To increase the trade and enjoy one of the world’s highest standards of living
- C. Canada has become a member of the World Trade Organization.
- D. The French and Aboriginal people collaborated with Canada in the vast fur-trade economy.
Answers: B Explanation: Exports allow Canadians to sell their goods and services in exchange for foreign goods and services. They also help to support jobs in Canada, directly to those producing the goods and services, and indirectly to those providing supporting activities to the producers of Canadian exports.
Q45. Which of the following best describes the role of the Queen in Canada?
- A. To make important decisions about how the country governed
- B. To peacefully oppose or try to improve government proposals
- C. To run the federal government departments
- D. To focus on citizenship and allegiance, be a symbol of Canadian sovereignty, and a guardian of constitutional freedoms
Answers: D Explanation:The Queen personifies the state and is the personal symbol of allegiance, unity and authority for all Canadians
Q46. What does it mean to say Canada is a constitutional monarchy?
- A. The Sovereign (Queen or King) approves bills before becoming law.
- B. The Sovereign (Queen or King) represents Canadians in Parliament.
- C. Canada’s Head of State is a hereditary Sovereign (Queen or King) who reigns in accordance with the Constitution.
- D. The Sovereign (Queen or King) is the law maker of Canada.
Answers: C Explanation: its executive authority is vested formally in the Queen through the Constitution. Every act of government is carried out in the name of the Crown, but the authority for those acts flows from the Canadian people.
Q47.What are the provinces of Central Canada?
- A. Ontario and Quebec
- B. Ontario and Alberta
- C. Quebec and New Brunswick
- D. Alberta and Saskatchewan
Answers: A Explanation: Central Canada (French: Centre du Canada, sometimes the Central provinces) is a region consisting of Canada’s two largest and most populous provinces: Ontario and Quebec.
Q48.Where do the majority Métis live in Canada?
- A. Central Canada
- B. The North
- C. Prairie Provinces
- D. The Maritimes
Answers: C Explanation: The Métis are one of three constitutionally recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Much like other Canadians today, the Métis live all across Canada and elsewhere in the world. However, the majority of the Métis population lives largely within the Prairie provinces.
Q49.What country is Canada’s largest trading partner?
- A. China
- B. The United States of America
- C. The United Kingdom
- D. Mexico
Answers: B Explanation: In 2019, Canada’s top trading partners for both goods exports and imports were the United States, the European Union and China.
Q50. Which two fundamental freedoms are protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms?
- A. Freedom of belief and freedom of religion
- B. Equal employment rights and opportunities
- C. Basic living rights and obey laws
- D. Aboriginal peoples’ rights and to volunteer
Answers: A Explanation: The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms protects a number of rights and freedoms, including freedom of expression and the right to equality.